## Question

Find the potential difference across the 2.0 Ω resistor.

Find the potential difference across the open gap in the circuit.

## Answer

The easiest way to find the potential difference in this case is to assign values of potential at the various points.

We first start at the sides of the cell, A and B.

We can assign any value as long as the difference between A and B is 6.0 V and A is a higher value than B.

In this case, we choose A to be 7 V and B to be 1 V.

All connecting wires are assumed to have no resistance. This means that the value of potential at all points of the same wire are of the same value.

Hence, E has a value of 7 V and C has a value of 1 V.

Since the circuit is an open circuit and no current flows, from V = I R, the potential difference across the 2.0 Ω resistor is zero.

This means that the values of the potential at both sides of the resistor are the same.

From the diagram, we can see that the difference between the potential at C and D is 0 V.

Hence, the potential difference across the 2.0 Ω resistor is zero.

From the diagram, we can see that the difference between the potential at E and D is 6 V.

Hence, the potential difference across the open gap in the circuit is 6.0 V.